Australian Government advice for Niger
When travelling to Niger, you should always get travel insurance in case the worst happens. To help you ensure you travel safely, we have included the travel advice from the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade for Niger.
- We strongly advise you not to travel to Niger, except for the capital, Niamey, and areas south of the latitude of Niamey in the regions of Dosso and Tillaberi, due to the high threat of kidnapping, terrorist attack, crime and the unpredictable political and security environment.
- We advise you to reconsider your need to travel to Niamey and areas south of the latitude of Niamey in the regions of Dosso and Tillaberi due to the threat of kidnapping, terrorist attack and crime.
- Since early 2015, the Nigeria-based militant group Boko Haram has undertaken a series of attacks in Diffa region, close to the border with Nigeria. Further attacks are likely.
- You should have appropriate personal security measures in place. You should monitor local information sources for details about the safety and security environment.
- There is an ongoing high threat of kidnapping of westerners in Niger. If you do decide to travel outside the area in the southwest corner, you should travel in daylight, in convoy and with a reputable local guide. Foreigners have been kidnapped from their vehicles in the past. Hostages have been killed.
- Cultural festivals held in north and west Africa are attractive places for terrorists and criminals to identify and target tourists for kidnapping.
- Australia does not have an Embassy or Consulate in Niger. Australians can obtain assistance from the Australian High Commission in Nigeria.
- Given the volatile security situation in Niger, we strongly recommend that you register your travel and contact details with us so we can contact you in an emergency.
- See Travel Smart for general advice for all travellers.
- Be a smart traveller. Before heading overseas:
Entry and exit
Visa and other entry and exit conditions (such as currency, customs and quarantine regulations) can change at short notice. Contact the nearest Embassy or Consulate of Niger for the most up to date information.
Niger is listed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as endemic for yellow fever. Yellow fever is a serious and potentially fatal disease preventable by vaccination. A valid Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate is required for entry into Niger.
Some airlines may require passengers to present a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate before being allowed to board flights out of the country. For more information about yellow fever, including Australian re-entry requirements, see the Department of Health website .
Safety and security
We strongly advise you not to travel to Niger outside Niamey and areas south of the latitude of Niamey in the regions of Dosso and Tillaberi, because of the high threat of kidnapping, the unpredictable political and security situation and high rate of crime. Australians in Niger should have personal security measures and contingency plans in place. You should monitor local information sources for details about the safety and security environment.
In recent years, terrorist groups have carried out attacks across Niger. Attacks can include the use of firearms and explosive devices. Previous attacks have targeted locations frequented by foreigners and may do so again in the future. Attacks may also be indiscriminate and target places where large crowds gather.
You should exercise heightened vigilance near Nigerien Government buildings, security installations, refugee and internally displaced persons camps, mining operations, international organisations, diplomatic premises and police stations. Care should also be taken in public areas including markets, hotels, restaurants, licensed venues, places of worship, educational institutions (including schools, colleges and universities), airports and other transport infrastructure.
Since early 2015, the Nigeria-based militant group Boko Haram has undertaken a series of attacks in the Diffa region, close to the border with Nigeria, resulting in hundreds of deaths. Further attacks are likely.
Militant groups have launched retaliatory attacks against the Government of Niger for its role in the French led intervention in Mali in 2013. The northern parts of the Tillaberi region and the western parts of Tahoua and Agadez regions have been targeted in the past. Further attacks could occur.
A series of attacks occurred in the northern part of the Tillaberi region in October 2014. A security post at a refugee camp in Mangaize, a prison in Ouallam and a military patrol in Bani Bangou were all targeted. At least 12 people were killed.
Niamey and areas south of the latitude of Niamey in the regions of Dosso and Tillaberi : We advise you to reconsider your need to travel to Niamey and areas south of the latitude of Niamey in the regions of Dosso and Tillaberi due to the threat of terrorist attack, the threat of kidnapping and high rate of crime.
Terrorism is a threat throughout the world. See our Terrorist Threat Overseas bulletin for more information.
There is an ongoing high threat of kidnapping against Westerners in Niger, including Niamey, particularly in the north of the country. If you do decide to travel to the north, you should travel in daylight, in convoy and with a reputable local guide. Foreigners have been kidnapped from their homes, vehicles and places of work. Foreign workers, tourists and expatriates have been targeted and hostages have been killed.
Militant groups, including Al Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and al-Murabitun, are active in Niger and neighbouring countries including Algeria, Burkina Faso, Libya, Mali, Mauritania and Chad, and have been known to execute kidnapped foreigners. The terrorist group Boko Haram is known to cross the border from Nigeria into Niger, particularly in the south-eastern Diffa region.
Cultural festivals held in north and west Africa are attractive places for terrorists and criminals to identify and target tourists for kidnapping. These festivals bring people to predictable locations along unsecured routes. We strongly advise Australians not to attend major festivals.
The Australian Government's longstanding policy is that it does not make payments or concessions to kidnappers. The Australian Government considers that paying a ransom increases the risk of further kidnappings, including of other Australians. If you decide to travel to an area where there is a particular threat of kidnapping, you should seek professional security advice and have effective personal security measures in place. See our Kidnapping threat travel bulletin.
Civil unrest/political tension
Demonstrations occur regularly and spontaneously in Niger often in the vicinity of government buildings, universities and public parks. You should avoid political rallies and demonstrations as they could turn violent. Mobile phone and internet access may be restricted during periods of civil unrest.
Violent incidents occurred during recent National elections and strong tensions have existed since the announcement of the results. Protesters have been forcibly dispersed by security forces in recent years.
In mid-January 2015 there were violent protests in a number of cities across Niger in response to cartoons in the French publication, Charlie Hedbo. Ten people were killed during the protests, with numerous churches and foreign owned businesses burnt to the ground.
Armed groups operate in the north and west. Clashes between security forces and armed groups have occurred in the regions of Agadez, Diffa, Zinder, and Maradi, and north of the city of Abalack in the region of Tahoua. Curfews remain in place in many towns and may change at short notice.
There is a high prevalence of crime throughout Niger, including in Niamey. Foreigners are frequently targeted by criminals, who often work in groups. Armed home invasions, kidnapping, carjackings and muggings occur. Four-wheel-drive vehicles are a particular target for thieves. When travelling by road, you should keep the doors locked, the windows up and valuables out of sight.
Petty crime, including pickpocketing, is common in the capital city, Niamey, and muggings occur frequently around the Gaweye Hotel, the National Museum, the Kennedy Bridge and the Petit Marche. Criminal activity throughout Niger can occur at any time but the risk of being a victim increases at night. Because of the absence of street lighting it is recommended you do not walk about at night.
Outside Niamey, the threat of violent crime increases significantly. Armed bandits and smugglers target travellers on roads in the northern parts of the country and in border areas.
Commercial and internet fraud : Commercial and internet fraud is prevalent and often originates in West African countries. Scams come in many forms, including romance, friendship, business ventures and employment opportunities. Victims have been defrauded and those who travel to the originating country have had their lives endangered.
If you are a victim of a financial scam, we advise you to obtain legal advice and not travel to Niger to seek restitution. You should closely scrutinise all approaches that originate from Niger from people unknown to you. You should not send money to anyone in Niger until proper checks are made.
If you are travelling to Niger, your relatives and friends may receive bogus phone calls and emails from Niger claiming that an Australian traveller is in distress legally, financially or subject to a medical emergency and money is required to assist them. Any requests for money should be treated with caution. If friends and family are unsuccessful in attempts to contact you directly and remain concerned, they should then contact the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade's Consular Emergency Centre (see Where to get help for contact details).
You should be careful about disclosing personal information and disposing of personal documents while in Niger.
Some scams may involve requests to transfer money or details though the Australian High Commission in Abuja, Nigeria or involve communication from persons claiming to work at the High Commission itself. Verify any requests of this nature with the High Commission before responding. See Where to get help .
See our international scams page for further information.
Money and valuables
Niger is a cash-based society. The local currency is the West African Franc (CFA). There are no ATMs and credit cards are rarely accepted, even in major hotels and restaurants. Travellers' cheques can be cashed at banks on production of the original purchase receipt and your passport. You should only change money at a reputable exchange bureau. Australian Dollars are not accepted. US Dollars and Euros are easily convertible.
Your passport is a valuable document that is attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. It should always be kept in a safe place. You are required by Australian law to report a lost or stolen passport online or contact the nearest Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate as soon as possible.
If, despite our advice, you choose to travel to the north and east of Niger, all road travel should be in daylight, in a convoy and with a local guide. You should prepare well in advance, ensure vehicles have been well maintained and carry a satellite phone, sufficient supplies and a first aid kit. Travelling at night is especially dangerous due to the risk of banditry.
Local authorities are sensitive about foreigners travelling out of Tahoua to the east or north of Niger.
You may risk arrest or deportation travelling in the Agadez region without special authorisation due to the security situation. Ensure you have all necessary permits before travelling.
A curfew from 20.00 to 06.00 on the use of motorised vehicles is in place in Diffa. Several roads in the north are closed to tourists except with special authorisation.
Unexploded munitions, including landmines, are found throughout the country, including in Niamey and other major cities. The situation is particularly dangerous throughout the Talak Plains and the sparsely inhabited regions of the Agadez region, including the Djado Plateau, the Mangueni Plateau, and Air Massif.
Except for a few main routes, roads in Niger are in bad condition or unpaved, the standard of vehicle maintenance is low and street lighting is poor. Dangerous local driving habits as well as mixed traffic, including bicycles, pedestrians, animals and tractors can make driving hazardous. Travel outside the capital requires the use of a four-wheel drive. Roadside assistance is unavailable. For further advice on road safety, see our road travel page.
Checkpoints are frequent across Niger, including inside Niamey. Do not drive through a checkpoint until it is clear you have permission to do so.You may be asked for vehicle registration and ownership papers by authorities at any time, especially on journeys outside of the main towns. Travellers are advised to carry photographic identification at all times. Foreign drivers' licences are not recognised in Niger. International Driver's Permits are accepted.
The use of public transport is not recommended. Taxis are generally old and in poor condition. Armed hold-ups resulting in robbery and murders have been reported on inter-city buses. You should consider hiring a private car with a professional driver.
The Australian Government does not provide information on the safety of individual commercial airlines. See instead the Aviation Safety Network website for information on aviation safety in Niger.
During Harmattan, when dust storms are common, flights can be re-routed due to poor visibility.
Please also refer to our general air travel page for information on aviation safety and security.
You are subject to the local laws of Niger, including ones that appear harsh by Australian standards. If you're arrested or jailed, the Australian Government will do what it can to help you under our Consular Services Charter . But we can't get you out of trouble or out of jail. Research laws before travelling, especially for an extended stay.
Penalties for possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs may include heavy fines and lengthy imprisonment. See our Drugs page.
The death penalty exists in Niger for serious crimes such as murder.
Homosexual acts are not illegal in Niger, however the law states that an "unnatural act" with a person of the same sex who is under 21 is punishable by six months to three years imprisonment and a fine of between 10,000 and 100,000 CFA. The local community is generally intolerant of same sex relationships. See our LGBTI travellers page .
It is illegal to photograph around military zones, military assets, diplomatic premises, radio and television stations, airports, the Presidency Building and the Kennedy Bridge in Niamey. It is also illegal to photograph political demonstrations or military personnel.
You should carry some form of identification at all times, either a passport with a valid visa or a residence permit.
Non-government organisations must be registered with the Government of Niger and inform the authorities of their missions prior to their commencement. Persons found to be conducting work without permission can be detained and expelled from Niger.
Some Australian criminal laws, such as those relating to money laundering, bribery of foreign public officials, terrorism, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, child pornography, and child sex tourism, apply to Australians overseas. Australians who commit these offences while overseas may be prosecuted in Australia.
Niger is a conservative Islamic society and you should dress and behave so as not to offend. If in doubt, seek local advice. Women are advised to wear a headscarf and loose fitting clothing that covers the arms and legs.
You should ask permission before taking the photograph of a local.
The consumption of alcohol is tolerated.
The Islamic holy month of Ramadan began on 6 June and will end on 5 July 2016. During Ramadan, Australians travelling to countries with significant Muslim communities should take care to respect religious and cultural sensitivities, rules and customs. In particular, people who are not fasting are advised to avoid eating, drinking and smoking in public and in the presence of people who are fasting. For more information see our Ramadan travel bulletin .
Information for dual nationals
The Government of Niger does not recognise dual nationality. Australian travellers entering Niger with a Nigerien passport will be treated as Nigerien citizens by local authorities. This may limit our ability to provide consular assistance to Australian/Nigerien dual nationals who are arrested or detained. We recommend that you travel on your Australian passport at all times.
Our dual nationals page provides further information.
We strongly recommend that you take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, including medical evacuation, before you depart.. The Australian Government will not pay for a traveller's medical expenses overseas or medical evacuation costs.
Medical facilities in Niamey are very limited and of poor quality, and outside the capital they are inadequate to non-existent. Pharmaceuticals are often in short supply and poor quality substitutes or counterfeits are often used. Emergency assistance is limited, even in Niamey. Up-front payment is usually required and an inability to pay will often delay treatment. In the event of a serious illness or accident, medical evacuation to a destination with appropriate facilities would be necessary. Medical evacuation costs would be considerable.
Services and accessibility for people with disabilities are not at the standards you would expect in Australia.
Niger is listed by the WHO as endemic for yellow fever. Yellow fever is a potentially fatal viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes, which is preventable by vaccination. We strongly recommend that you are vaccinated against yellow fever before travelling to Niger. See Entry and exit for important information about vaccination certificate requirements. For more information about yellow fever, see the Department of Health website .
Malaria and other tropical diseases are common in West African countries, including Niger. We encourage you to consider taking prophylaxis against malaria, and to take precautions against mosquito bites, including using an insect repellent at all times, wearing long, loose-fitting and light-coloured clothing and ensuring your accommodation is mosquito proof.
Water-borne, food-borne and other infectious diseases (including HIV/AIDS, cholera, rabies, hepatitis, meningitis, polio and, tuberculosis) are prevalent with more serious outbreaks occurring from time to time. We advise you to boil all drinking water or drink bottled water, and avoid ice cubes and raw and undercooked food. Do not swim in fresh water to avoid exposure to certain water-borne diseases such as bilharzia (schistosomiasis). Seek medical advice if you have a fever or are suffering from diarrhoea.
Where to get help
Depending on the nature of your enquiry, your best option may be to contact your family, friends, airline, travel agent, tour operator, employer or travel insurance provider in the first instance. Your travel insurer should have a 24 hour emergency number.
If the matter relates to criminal issues, contact the local police. You should attempt to phone local police on "17" on Nigerien phones or +227-20-72-25-53. If you need emergency medical treatment dial "723141" for an ambulance. However, be aware that these numbers often go unanswered, especially outside of normal working hours. There is no national emergency number in Niger.
The Consular Services Charter explains what the Australian Government can and can't do to assist Australians overseas.
Australia does not have an Embassy or Consulate in Niger. You can obtain consular assistance from the Australian High Commission in Nigeria:
Australian High Commission
See the High Commission website for information about opening hours and temporary closures that may affect service provision.
If you are travelling to Niger, whatever the reason and however long you'll be there, we encourage you to register with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. You can register online or in person at any Australian Embassy, High Commission or Consulate. The information you provide will help us to contact you in an emergency - whether it is a natural disaster, civil disturbance or a family issue.
In a consular emergency if you are unable to contact the above Embassy or High Commission you can contact the 24-hour Consular Emergency Centre on +61 2 6261 3305 or 1300 555 135 within Australia.
Natural disasters, severe weather and climate
The rainy season is from June to October when flooding and landslides may occur and some roads may become impassable. If a natural disaster occurs, follow the advice of local authorities.
The dry season extends from November to May. During this period, Niger may be affected by Harmattan, a seasonal wind which blows a high amount of sand and dust in the air. Visibility may be severely limited and people with respiratory problems adversely affected.
For additional general and economic information to assist travelling in this country, see the following link: